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For immediate release: Wed Dec 9th, 2015
Parliament to hear concerns over government’s ‘kill policy’ today
The Joint Committee on Human Rights will today hear serious concerns over the government’s new policy of targeted killings.
Jennifer Gibson, staff attorney at human rights organization Reprieve, will give evidence today as part of the Committee’s inquiry into the government’s new programme of targeting killings, or so-called ‘kill policy’. The existence of the apparent policy emerged in September this year, when the Prime Minister announced that he had “some months ago” authorised strikes in Syria, without the knowledge of MPs or the public. [emphasis added] At the time, the Prime Minister stressed that the policy was not limited to Syria, and that he would be prepared to take strikes in Libya and elsewhere.
The government has to date rebuffed questions on the scope of the kill policy, and has refused to reveal the legal basis for the strikes. Asked in September by MPs if his advice to the government was ‘case-by-case’ or in reference to a ‘blanket’ policy, Attorney General Jeremy Wright replied “nice try.” He added that there was a need to rethink what ‘imminence’ means, an issue that has generated controversy in the US, after it emerged the Obama administration had stretched the word beyond its original meaning to excuse an expanded programme of drone killings.
The UK decision has raised concerns that the government has shifted to a US-style policy of strikes in countries where the UK is not at war. Covert US drone strikes in countries such as Yemen and Pakistan have killed hundreds of civilians, and senior members of the US military have questioned their effectiveness. Army General Stanley McChrystal, former head of the US military’s Joint Special Operations Command, told the BBC last year that the US’ policy of strikes “seems like a panacea to the messiness of war [but] is not that at all.” He added that the strikes cause a “tremendous amount of resentment” in countries such as Yemen.
Recent research by Reprieve, which assists the civilian victims of drone strikes, has found that US strikes killed some 1,147 people in attempts to kill 41 individuals – leaving the original target unharmed in many cases. [emphasis added]
Several MPs are mounting a legal challenge to the government’s policy.
Commenting, Jennifer Gibson, staff attorney at Reprieve, said: “Three months ago, the Prime Minister took the extraordinary step of granting himself the power to kill anyone, anywhere in the world, in secret and without due process. Since then, he has refused to answer even basic questions about this huge shift in British policy – a shift that looks eerily like the US’s own failed drone programme.
“The Human Rights Committee inquiry is a welcome and much-needed ray of light on this new policy. The Government must urgently answer vital questions about the legal basis for such action, the scope of these new powers, and whether sufficient safeguards are in place. Equally importantly, the Government must answer why it has seemingly adopted wholesale a US policy even senior US generals are calling counterproductive and a ‘failed strategy.’ Given what’s at stake, ‘trust us’ simply doesn’t cut it.”
Notes to editors
1.Reprieve is an international human rights organization. Reprieve’s London press office can be contacted on: communications [at] reprieve.org.uk / +44 (0) 207 553 8140. Reprieve US, based in New York City, can be contacted on Katherine [dot] oshea [at] reprieve.org / +1 917 855 8064.
2. Jennifer Gibson will speaking at the Joint Committee on Human Rights from 4pm.
3. The Obama administration’s position on the word imminence, in a published White Paper, is extremely broad: “The condition that an operational leader present an ‘imminent’ threat of violent attack against the United States does not require the United States to have clear evidence that a specific attack on U.S. persons and interests will take place in the immediate future.” Detail on the document, and criticisms of it, can be seen here.